Magnetic field analysis using the improved global particle swarm optimization algorithm to estimate the depth and approximate shape of the buried mass
In this paper, the optimization algorithm based on the population as improved global particle swarm optimization is described and used for inverse modelling of two-dimensional magnetic field data. This algorithm is able to estimate the parameters of depth, shape factor, amplitude coefficient, magnetic inclination angle and origin point coordinates. To evaluate the efficiency of this method, the magnetic field of an artificial model was analysed, with and without added random noise. The results suggest that the proposed algorithm is capable of model parameter estimation with high accuracy. Accordingly, the improved global particle swarm optimization algorithm was used to analyse the magnetic field of the study area in the Ileh region in Iran located in Taybad city. The study area is very rich in terms of iron resources. The estimate for the study area is that the depth of the buried mass centre is about 114.9 m and its approximate shape is similar to a horizontal cylinder based on the calculated shape factor value which is 1.76. The calculated depth is an acceptable match with the average depth of drillings.